The local self government for urban and rural areas of Sundargarh district was established in pre-independence period. But after independence and creation of Sundargarh as a separate district on 1st January 1948, the Local Self Government system in the district got revamped. At present there are four Urban Local bodies in the district, Rourkela is one of them.

Rourkela was declared as Notified Council with effect from 20.07.1955 as per Notification No. 6400 dt. 28.07.1955 of the Health Department. There after this NAC was bifurcated into two NACs i.e. Rourkela Civil Township and Rourkela Steel Township in notification No.6211 dated 17.06.1963 of the Housing and Urban Dev. Department. Subsequently in Notification No.33390 dated 17.09.1988 of the Housing and Urban Dev. Department, this NAC (CT) was declared as Municipality and started functioning with effect from 19.09.1988 with an area of 19.78 sq. kms comprising of 12 Revenue Villages. In the year 2001, when Rourkela Steel Township declared as Industrial Township then the establishment of NAC (ST) merged with Rourkela Municipality with an area of 34.70 kms comprising of 20 Revenue Villages. In the year 2008 urban local body election, Rourkela Municipality wards are reconstituted with 33 wards.

Again, Rourkela was declared as Municipal Corporation as per Notification No.22749 dt.14.11.14 with an existing Municipality area Ward No. 1 to 33 with Jagda, Gopapali, Brahmanitarang, Sana Brahmanitarang, Jhartarang and Unit-48 (Nabakrushna Nagar, Tala Balijodi, IDL Colony, Gopabandhunagar, Bhanja Colony, Bada Sona Parbat & Dharamdihi) of 53.29 sq. Kms comprising of 26 Revenues Villages with bounded by River (Koel & Sankah) in North Side, Lathikata Panchayat Samiti area in South, Bisra Panchayat Samiti area in East and Lathikata Panchayat Samiti area in West Side.

Mission :

The spacious, airy and naturally lighted city in serene surroundings, led by experienced staff of Municipal Corporation.

Vision :

To be a ULB of excellence that builds responsible Citizens for a better tomorrow.